Golgotha 10277661_10203282042350289_7587023854590915637_nThe Muslim professes not to believe in the death of Jesus, at least that is the view of the preponderating orthodox party. The vast majority of Muslim people have always held and do still hold that God took Jesus up to heaven, so that He escaped death that day at the place called Golgotha.

> “That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”; but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise” (An-Nisa 4:157, 158)

 

The orthodox view – Jesus did not die: Another was taken and crucified instead of Christ

This belief is based on the traditional interpretation of the most interesting of four passages, namely 4:157. It is argued that God would never have permitted Jesus to die so shameful a death, otherwise He would have been “accursed of God” (Deuteronomy 21:23); an impossible fate for a prophet of God. What actually happened was that “one was made to appear to them like (Jesus)” or as Yusuf Ali says: “but so it was made to appear to them.” The latter goes on to say:”The Quranic teaching is that Christ was not crucified nor killed by the Jews, notwithstanding certain apparent circumstances which produced the illusion in the minds of some of his enemies ………………………..  but thatthere was confusion at the time as to who was really crucified. Thus the Quran says that “They who differed about him were in doubt concerning him no sure knowledge had they about him, but followed only an opinion”.

The phrase just quoted has provoked amongst Muslim writers the most remarkable speculations. Baidawi, for instance, remarks that while some Jews maintained that Jesus was justly crucified, others said that it was not he who suffered, but another who resembled him in features. Much is said about the identity of the person mistakenly crucified in place of Jesus; thus Baidawi mentions Titanus as the individual but others have suggested Faltianus, and Shuyugh, the King of the Jews. (Qisasu’l-Anbiya, pp 274-5). In any case it is stated that it was God who changed these men into the form or appearance of Jesus. Tabari, commenting on this passage, quotes Ibn ‘Abbas to the effect that Jesus in Gethsemane asked, “Is there anyone who will offer himself in my stead? I will promise him a place in heaven”. Thereupon one of the disciples, Sergius by name, gave himself up to Jesus to be transformed into his likeness and to be crucified instead of him. After the crucifixion the disciples discovered that one of their number was missing. It was then that Judas went away and hanged himself, because he realized that he had been the means of a fellow disciple’s death.

In the spurious Gospel of Barnabas (Muslims often mistakenly, and at times wilfully, confuse this so called Gospel with the Epistle of Barnabas; the latter was compiled between AD 96-120, but wrongly attributed to Barnabas) Judas is the one to suffer crucifixion because of mistaken identity: He (Jesus) was in the house and they took him “out by the window”…..… “and placed him in the third heaven in the company of angels blessing God for evermore”. Judas impetuously entered the chamber while the disciples were sleeping, “whereupon the wonderful God acted wonderfully, insomuch that Judas was so changed in speech and face to be like Jesus that we believed him to be Jesus. And he having awakened us was seeking where the Master was. Whereupon we marvelled, and answered: “Thou, Lord, art our Master, hast thou now forgotten us?” And he, smiling said: “Now are ye foolish that know not me to be Judas Iscariot!” Thereupon the soldiers entered and laid their hands upon him “because he was in every way like to Jesus”, When Judas protested, “the soldiers lost their patience, and with blows and kicks they began to flout Judas and they led him with fury into Jerusalem”.

Words attributed to Jesus in the gospel account of the trial and crucifixion are then adapted for use by Judas, and finally he is led away and crucified. Enough has been quoted to show that this so-called “Gospel”, to which Muslim writers repeatedly refer, is nothing but a clumsy fabrication. The earliest form of it known to us is in an Italian manuscript. This has been closely analysed by scholars and is judged to belong to the 15th or 16th century, i.e. 1,400 years after the time of Barnabas. It is believed to be the work of a renegade European, with little knowledge of Christianity and still less of Islam. Sale, who referred to it 200 years ago in the Preface to his English translation of the Quran, there stated that “it appears to be a barefaced forgery”.

 

The influence of Gnostic Writers

Undoubtedly Muslim writers have been influenced by the speculations of the Gnostics and Docetists in the sub-apostolic period. For instance, a very similar view of this mistaken identity theory is to be found in the heretical teachings of the Manichaeans, centuries before the rise of Islam. Mani (3rd cent) and before him Basilides, taught that it was Simon of Cyrene, who took the place of Jesus and was crucified. The Gnostics of the second century contended that Jesus had no real share in the material side of human life and was “an abstract phantom” and so therefore claimed that he took on a different guise to different onlookers, at different times.

Here is what Mr. Yusuf Ali says in his comment on Surah 4:157: “The Orthodox Christian Churches make it a cardinal point of their doctrine that his (Jesus’) life was taken on the cross, that he died and was buried, that on the third day he rose in the body with his wounds intact, and walked about and conversed, and ate with his disciples, and was afterwards taken up bodily to heaven. This is necessary for the theological doctrine of blood sacrifice and vicarious atonement for sins, which is rejected by Islam. But some of the early Christian sects did not believe that Christ was killed on the cross. The Basilidans believed that some one else was substituted for him. The Docetae held that Christ never had a real physical or natural body, but only an apparent or phantom body, and that his crucifixion was only apparent, not real. The Marcionite Gospel (about A.D. 138) denied that Jesus was born and merely said that he appeared in human form. The Gospel of Barnabas supported their theory of substitution on the Cross.”

Golgotha john_3_16_Jesus_on_Cross_sunrise_background_photoThe Gospels

Our earliest and only historical documents on the subject are the gospels; why not be guided by these? With one voice these proclaim that Jesus of Nazareth was put to death on the cross, by the orders of Pontius Pilate, at the instigation of the Jews. In those records there is not the remotest suggestion either of confusion of identity, or of substitution, nor yet the slightest doubt but that Jesus actually died on the cross. But no, rather than face the fact, the Muslim prefers to dally with an admitted heresy and to attest it instead of the only historical account of the event which the world possesses. The pity of it.

9 Responses to “The Crucifixion of Christ”

  • Seid:

    So, you say that Mohammed PBUH was 600 years after? What about Paul and John? 89% of bible is written by Paul and his own “vision” You should check Bart Ehrman’s lessons about your Bible and it’s authors and it’s lies. Quran clearly says that they killed him not. Allah doesn’t want to say who were on the cross, this isn’t that important, important thing is that nobody killed him. You said that Mohammed PBUH accepted his miraculous birth and miraculous things he done?! Lol, I really understand now. According to Gospel of Barnabas, when one guy from Rome told him God or Son of God he told him you aren’t from our nation, so you don’t know and you weren’t there when Moses PBUH touched the stone with stick and there were 12 sources of water, also when the sea separated to two sides, and when his sticks become snake and he also mentioned other miracles of other Prophets pbuta. So, you are same as guy from Rome, you cannot (or don’t want) understand them.

    Moses wasn’t God, miraculous birth of Adam don’t make him God, miracles of other Prophets do not make them God,but miracles of Isa PBUH made him God (per Rome’s cuz they didn’t know what other Prophets did). So Paul didn’t understand the story as well as other Christians which cannot or don’t want to understand. (Admin :The last sentence has been deleted as it is unclear what the correspondent is saying)

    • admin:

      1) Although you give no supporting evidence what you seem to be saying is that no one really understood the events that were recorded in the New Testament concerning Jesus Christ apart from what is recorded in the Quran 600 years later. If we understood you correctly, you seem to be suggesting that Paul had a certain view that was different from others but if you should read the New Testament you will find that the church had only one belief concerning Jesus Christ i.e. that he died for our sins, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day and that he appeared to various persons.

      2) As far as the Gospel of Barnabas is concerned please read our article under Apologetics – Authenticity of the Bible) which shows how totally unreliable it is. However, it may be appropriate to let you know exactly what this fake gospel says: Judas, is changed to look like Jesus and in this state he is tried before the Jews where Judas cries out to God. He is later buried by Nicodemus and Joseph and soon after some disciples who did not fear God went at night and stole the body announcing that Jesus had risen. …… The disciples scatter and preach the truth, but other disciples especially Paul preach that Jesus rose again and that he is the Son of God. —– Here we find Judas is the one who is crucified but you say Allah doesn’t want to say who was on the cross as that was not important. Well, it seems it was important to Barnabas for he seems to be want to fill in the missing pieces. Other Muslim professors have thought it important and many names have been proposed but as long as it is not Jesus who was crucified Muslims are happy. The reason why the Quran omits any name is because it is either ignorant of the fact or chooses to omit the name of Jesus because that would destroy its ethos concerning him.

      3) Who said we believe Jesus was God because of his miracles? While his miracles authenticated who he was his teaching concerning himself and his fulfilment of the scripture are the most vital components.

      4) Perhaps you would be kind enough to share one or two of Bart Ehrman’s views with us?

  • Faraz:

    Dear sir, as you told me that disciples started to worship Jesus after his Crucification and resurrection so I thought why not I firstly deal with it, so you ve provide the muslim view point, it s really unambiguous, that neither did they kill him nor did they crucify him,
    It s truth that we don t know for sure thay who was crucified in place of Jesus, some say it was Juda who betrayed Jesus that s why Allah curse him but we didn t know for sure, the thing is that it isn t neccessary who was killed, the important point is that was Jesus Crucified or not, so the conclusion I make needn t need to be in agreement with Quran, the point will be was Jesus really Crucified

    Jesus never said that anyone can obtain salvation by believing in cross, he rather in Gospel of Matthew chapter 19 verse 16 to 17 that salvation can be obtained by keeping the laws and commandments, in Matthew 5 17 to 20, think not I ve come here to destroy any law or prophet but to fulfill, or verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
    19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
    20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
    So why Christians believe it because their Church say this, why their Church say this because Paul created this Church not Jesus and Paul taught this, he nauled everything to cross, he said that in 1st Corinthians chapter 15 verse 14, if Jesus hasn t risen from death, our preachings are in vain and your faith is in vain, same is there in collosians chapter 2 verse 14, salvation can be obtained by believing in the death and resurrection of Jesus, so according to Christians, no Crucification no Resurrection, no resurrection your faith is in vain, so no Christianity
    Let me made it very clear, the sign of Jonah is enough to prove that Jesus wasn t crucified, when the Jews came to him and said, master show us a sign, all those signs weren t enough for them, they again ask it, so Jesus didn t say that meet the man I heal, ask the people whom I give food, rather he said , you adulterous generation, no sign shall be given to you execpt the sign of Jonah, so listen carefully ” for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of whale so was the son of man three days and three nights in the heart of Earth
    This is mention in Gospel of Matthew chapter 12 verse 39 to 40
    So what was sign of Jonah, you needn t need to be a scholar to know this, I study this in nursery class, so now analyze it, when Jonah was thrown overboard was he dead or alive, alive, when he fell, he was dead or alive, alive, when the whale swallow him, was he dead or alive, alive, he prayed inside the belly of whale, do dead men pray? No, so was he dead or alive, alive, when the whale vomets him, was he alive or dead, alive, so alive, alive, alive, in order for Jesus to fulfill the prophe also has to be alive, as he said, for as Jonah was three days and nights in the so was the son of Man, some may say that the prophecy wasn t about dead or alive, but rather time, as three days and three nights, but Jesus doesn t fulfill it, as Jonah was three days and three nights but Jesus wasn t, let s say he was buried on friday night, so when Mary Magdalene went to see him on Sunday morning, he wasn t in the tomb, so at max he was, 1 day and two nights in tomb,
    So let s analyze some other verses
    When he came to his disciples in upper room, they at first were terrified, why were they terriefied, because they thought he s dead, why they thought it, because they heard it from heresay, they weren t eye witness, they all fled him at the most crucial momwnt, all left him, and they heard he was dead, like if I heard in newspaper that a particular man falls from a 10 th floor of building and the next day he came infront of me, I ll also be terrified at first but if he told me that no I fell but there was something and I survived, I ll believe it, same happens there, now listen carefully what the verse say, Luke chapter 24 verse 37, they were terrified and suppose him to be spirit
    He wasn t spirit, the word is that they suppose him to be a spirit, but what Jesus do, verse 39 and 40, he said, behold my hand and feets, it is I myself for a spirit doesn t have flesh and bone, so what was he trying to prove, he was trying to prove that he is alive, he later ask them that if they has anything, they gave him fish and honeycomb and he chewed it, to prove that he was alive as spiritual bodies doesn t eat, so what s the reply
    They were overjoyed, why were thwy overjoyed because their master was standing infront if them, so it proves that Jesus was alive
    As it come sto Mary Magdalene story, she went to the tomb of Jesus on sunday, after Sabbath and found tomb to be empty, why she wwnt to visit him, because she was the only person who was witness to crucification, she might have sewn a littl life in him but she wouldn t have said that, so that s why after sabbath she went to visit him,
    Now before I continue I ll want to make it clear that there are two bodies, spiritual bosy and physical body, as Paul says 1st Corinthians chapter no 15 verse 42 to 44
    So also is the resurrection of death,it is sown in corruption,it is raised in incorruption,it is sown in dishonour, it is raised in Glory, it is sown in weakness, it is sown in power, it is sown a natural body and it is raised a spiritual body, “their s a natural body and their s a spiritual body”

    According to Paul, the resurrected bodies are spiritualized, same is said by his lord, Jesus
    Gospel of Luke chapter no 20 verse 27 to 36
    If you remember the story of a women who had seven husbands, and the Jews come with a poser to Jesus, and it s a Jewish practicethat if a man marries a women and if he dies without leaving any child, the second brother will marry the wife of the deceased brother,so that he can give her his seedif the second brother dies without leaving the child, then she ll marry the third one and on and on
    So here they come with a poser that this women married 7 brothers and all of them has her as their wife, but their was no problem as each of them has her turn by turn, later on she also dies,so they pose the question to Jesus, that in resurrection who ll have her as they all will be resurrected at the same time

    So Jesus replied, verse 35 and 36 says that resurrected bodies don t marry, neither do they give in mariage, neither shall they die anymore, they are equal to angels

    That means that resurrected bodies shall be spiritualized, they are like angels, I m not saying this, Jesus as well as Paul says it
    So she found tomb to be empty, the stone was removed, the winding sheets were unwound, so if it was a spiritual body, why the tomb stone was removed? He could ve easuly cross it but as it was a physical body, the tomb was blocking the entry, that s why it was removed, that s why winding sheets were unwound, because he was alive
    So she look around and saw a person, she thought it to be a gardner, it was Jesus, he saw Mary Magdalene through earth, not heaven, so my question is that do Spiritual bodies look like gardeners amd the answer is no, so why she thought him to be a gardner because he was disguised as a Gardner, why was he disguised as a gardner, well the only conclusion I can come up with is because he was hiding, he was hiding from Jews, so spiritual bodies doesn t required to be hidden, as spiritual bodies doesn t die, we die once, if it was a spiritual body, Jesus wouldn t have been afraid to hide, as nobody could ve done anything, but he was hiding because it was a physical body, so Mary Magdalene ask him that where have you kept him, Jesus replied Mary and one word was enough for her to recognize him and she went to touch him but he stop her and said touch me not, why he said touch me not, because no longer than two days ago he was put on cross, so imagine the physical pain, that s why he said touch me not, if it was a spiritual body, he wouldn t have stop her from touching him, and the verse continues as for I ve not yet ascended to father, what that means, that he didn t die yet,that he isn t resurrected, this is really unambiguous, for I ve not yet ascended to father, means he didn t die,

    This is the conclusion from the bible, we muslim believe that Judah says Aloi Aloi Lamasabakhtani, and he died, when he died, the disciples thought that their master has died, so they stple the body and started saying that Christ has risen, so Jesus Christ was send came back from heavens for three days and after that he again went to heaven,
    I m also gping to write on Paul,on the section related to Paul, I guess this prove is enough to know that Jesus wasn t really Crucified

  • Hafiz Jawad Sohail:

    If you’re Muslim then you have to believe in every comment and sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUH. If it is only the one word or full speech. Your own commentary is of zero value. ALLAH in His Quran also says that Jesus PBUH was not crucified then who are you to deny as Muslim. Jesus PBUH will return again to show every disbeliever that He PBUH was only the prophet of ALLAH and not the begotten son and not crucified but was raised in heavens for later time.

    • admin:

      Our commentary is extremely important for it relates what actually happened in the earlier generations as found in the earlier books, which are held in great esteem in Islam. These historically books not only give details of the crucifixion itself, but provide the circumstances, geographical setting, and the persons involved in executing this happening.

      While Muhammad accepted that Jesus had a miraculous birth, performed miracles, healed the sick, and that these were clear signs, he opposed the teaching of the crucifixion as it did not fit into his own agenda. Any reading of the Gospels that fails to incorporate the cross and the resurrection of Jesus has failed to grasp the central importance of the mission and person of Jesus Christ. May I encourage you not to simply believe what you are expected to believe, but to read the gospels for yourself and discover the truth. Regrettably, Muhammad was unable to read, and unable therefore to discover for himself the teaching found within the gospels

      • Kevin:

        Just to clarify, do you have proof regarding the details of the crucifixion of Yeshua, or just personal preferences and sandy convictions? Since the latter responses are all that you are capable of possessing, how can you even write a post intending to convert Muslims on the subject?

        You both have faith in information that was ultimately scribed by men. You both have great reasons to be emotionally affected by the content of your writings, to the point of belief.

        The prescriptions and admonitions, which are the real body of piety and religion (rather than theological abstractions), in both of your books are basically identical. God does not curse the simple, pious man who fails to relay to God the correlations and significance of Trinitarian logic.

        **The meaning of the Crucifixion and Sin Sacrifice is that the wielder of the Christian vehicle may have a beautiful reason to give up their earthly life in favor of the divine submission (intrinsic to all religions of submission, including those of non-Abrahamic origin), and an authoritative allowance to feel relieved of their shame and guilt, which prove to be a great hindrance to the aims of religion. The Trinity emphasizes that the human soul is of great divine significance. I bet that if you were given the Bible on your own for the first time, without having read philosophical human exegesis, you would never have arrived at the concept of the Trinity. And not just because of the radical Monotheism espoused in most of the book: Even if you had explored the New Testament on its own. Neither would you be so certain that you don’t need to follow the Sabbath and the rest of Jewish law’s 612 commandments.

        The Muslim rebuttal to these theological concerns accompanies those of the early Jews, whose religion Jesus followed; which is to say that the Crucifixion and Trinity are redundant in the face of an all-powerful, completely unified God already available to forgive any given sin with due repentance, who defines the significance of man very clearly in the first book. What unique purpose could there be, even as a sign, to divide God into “*unified parts*?” Even as a Christian you ask for forgiveness in repentance for your sins: what other than the replacement “…In Jesus Name” is the significance of this symbolic bloodshed?

        Haven’t you learned of the Hindu deities, the Trimurti, the Hindu Trinity? The basis of much of Hinduism is Pantheism, where *everything* is equally God. Whether observing Ishvara or Brahma, (names for their Most High One) or the Trimurti (Shiva, Vishnu, and Krishna) or all of their 33 Million other Gods, they are all technically undivided *unified parts* or faces of their Most High God. The reason the Jews and Muslims deny the Trinity is because *IT IS POLYTHEISM ON THE SAME TERMS THAT POLYTHEISTS USE POLYTHEISM!*

        Restated: The same logic used to justify worshipping a Male Creator/Father, a less defined Holy Spirit, and a manifested God-Man, as a single deity is identical to the reasoning those who are supposedly against Monotheism use. The consequences of the qualified Polytheism inherent in the Trinitarian interpretation of Christianity are manifest most boldly in the idolatry, iconography, and blatant saint worship of its Mother Catholic Church, whose Roman hands molded the New Testament and its interpretation.

        Thank you for your time. Please seriously consider what I write if any of it is news to you, even if you do not decide to respond. Have a great evening, and may purity and righteousness lead you to your destination.

        • admin:

          Hello,we will only respond to your initial argument otherwise the response will be too long but if you would like to re-submit your comments about the Trinity on the relevant page we would be delighted to discuss it further.

          The gospels are a truly amazing ancient record of what happened to Jesus Christ: they place the life of Christ in a geographical setting such as the Jewish regions of Galilee, Perea, Judea and some Gentile areas. Galilee studies looking into its geography, politics and history of the time indicate the setting is completely compatible to the ministry of Jesus. The well-known Jew, Josephus, provides additional information which gives supplementary activity to those days. Many individuals, such as the high priests Caiphas and Annas, Herod Antipas and Pilate, all involved in the crucifixion are known in their extra-biblical historical context and once again provide the context into which Christ lived and was crucified. We find in the gospels the correct social setting for the time: we read of Jesus’ circumcised according the Jewish law, his presentation in the temple, the excursion into Egypt because of the activities of Herod the king, etc.

          The Christ event did leave its mark in non-Christian historical sources: the first comments were written by a certain Roman Suetonious who suggested that the cause of the expulsion of the Romans from Rome in AD 49 was in connection with a disturbance concerning ‘Chrestus’. While the interpretation of it can be disputed it is generally recognised that Christians through their preaching of Christ caused unrest in the Jewish community. Strikingly we have what is known as ‘Alexamenos Graffito’ which was found on a stone in a guardroom on Palatine Hill in Rome. This inscription ridicules the Christian faith, (like Islam), showing the figure of a man with the head of an ass hanging on a cross – with the inscription “Alexamenos worships his god”. Then we have Pliny, governor of Bithynia writing in AD 112 concerning the belief of the early Christians. Who was the one that gave impetus to these developments? None other but Jesus Christ and him crucified.
          The death by crucifixion is completely compatible with the historical context of this cruel Roman death sentence unlike that given in the account of the Quran of the threatened crucifixion of Pharaoh against the believing sorcerers (Al-Araf 7:124). We know this form of punishment was not practised in ancient Egypt.

          You may like to consider how the weight of your argument can rebound on your own belief system. Apart from the unbelieving Quarraish who are constantly belittled in the Quran, there are no unbelievers brought forward to confirm the events that happened during the life of Muhammad. Very few names are given, in the Quran and there is virtually no geographical or historical background hardly a suitable setting to which any historian can have confidence. All you have are reports by believers lauding the glories of Muhammad which were recorded later in writing based solely on isnads. The biographies recognised by Muslims were written by believers.

  • Adthra (Melissa):

    I am newly reverted Muslim and formerly ROMAN CATHOLIC from Philippines and I am still reading substantial articles,searching and comprehending my newly founded religion.. I am very amazed and full of greatness upon reading this articles learning that my BELOVED JESUS indeed was not hang on cross thus our Almighty ALLAH will not allowed to see his only begotten son; the son of Mary to die in a very shameful death.

    ALLAH is all know-er, all ruler and most merciful….
    Thank you….

    • admin:

      As you begin to comprehend your newly founded religion you will begin to learn the many ways in which Muslims propagate their belief that Jesus did not die upon the cross. However, the testimony of the New Testament writers are clear Jesus predicted he would suffer in Jerusalem; the records describe the crucifixion and later the reasons for the crucifixion are explained. This is the ‘Beloved Jesus’of scripture: “who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth …. who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree” (1 Peter 2:21-25)

      You have chosen to reject the testimony of those who witnessed those events and chosen to follow a heretical belief, as outlined in the article. Muhammad had little to say about the crucifixion and the little that he did say, he got completely wrong. He lived 600 years after the events and how painfully that shows in his misguided comments.

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