Hadiths Concerning the call to prayer

At the time of public prayer, the Mu’azzin, or “cryer,” ascends the minaret, or stands at the side of the mosque nearest the public thoroughfare, and gives the azan, or “call to prayer,” as follows:


“God is great! God is great! God is great! God is great!

I bear witness that there is no god but God! I bear witness that there is no god but God!

I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of God! I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of God!

Come to prayers! Come to prayers! Come to salvation! Come to salvation! (The Shi’ahs add “Come to good works!”)

There is no other god but God!” (The Shi’ahs recite the last sentence twice)

In the early morning the following sentence is added: “Prayers are better than sleep!”

Christ invited his disciples to pray according to the pattern of Matthew 6:9: “After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.”

We list below some examples from Sahih Muslim concerning different aspects associated with the call to prayer.

 

The introduction of the Mu’azzin to call the Muslim to prayer

>”Ibn Umar reported: When the Muslims came to Medina, they gathered and sought to know the time of prayer but no one summoned them. One day they discussed the matter, and some of them said: Use something like the bell of the Christians and some of them said: Use horn like that of the Jews. Umar said: Why may not a be appointed one who should call (people) to prayer? The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: O Bilal, get up and summon (the people) to prayer. (Muslim Book 4, Number 735)

 

The Introduction of the content of the call to prayer

> “Abu Mahdhura said that the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) taught him Adhan like this: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; I testify that there is no god but Allah, I testify that there is no god but Allah; I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and it should be again repeated: I testify that there is no god but Allah, I testify that there is no god but Allah; I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Come to the prayer (twice). Come to the prayer (twice). Ishaq added: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; there is no god but Allah. (Muslim Book 4, Number 740)

 

Invoking a blessing on Muhammad at the time of the call to prayer – It is usual for religious Muslims to pray, after the call to prayer has been concluded, that Muhammad may obtain this station of Wasilah

>”‘Abdullah b. Amr b. al-As reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you hear the Mu’adhdhin, repeat what he says, then inv oke a blessing on me, for everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah; then beg from Allah al-Wasila for me, which is a rank in Paradise fitting for only one of Allah’s servants, and I hope that I may be that one. If anyone who asks that I be given the Wasila, he will be assured of my intercession. (Wasilah – Lit. “Nearness.” The name of the highest station in paradise, which Muhammad said was reserved for one person only, and, which he hoped to obtain for himself (Mishkat, book 24, ch. 2, pt 2). (Muslim Book 4, Number 747)

 

Great merit attached to being a mu’azzin – According to Muslims the muazzins would figure prominently on the Day of Resurrection).

>”Yahya narrated it on the authority of his uncle that he had been sitting in the company of Mu’awiya b. Abu Sufyan when the Mu’adhdhin called (Muslims) to prayer. Mu’awiya said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) saying The Mu’adhdhins will have the longest necks on the Day of Resurrection. “(Muslim Book 4, Number 750)

 

Satan runs away when the call to prayer is made

> “Abu Sufyan reported it on the authority of Jabir that he had heard the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) say: When Satan hears the call to prayer, he runs away to a distance like that of Rauha. Sulaimin said: I asked him about Rauha. He replied: It is at a distance of thirty-six miles from Medina.” (Muslim Book 4, Number 751)

> “AbuHuraira reported the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) as saying: When Satan hears the call to prayer, he turns back and breaks the wind so as not to bear the call being made, but when the call is finished he turns round and distracts (the minds of those who pray), and when he hears the Iqama he again runs away so as not to hear its voice and when it subsides, he comes back and distracts (the minds of those who stand for prayer). (The Iqama – is a recitation of the same words as the azan, with the addition of the sentence. “Prayers are now ready”). (Muslim Book 4, Number 753)

> “Abu Huraira reported: The Apostle (may peace be upon him) said When the call to prayer is made, Satan runs back and breaks wind so as not to hear the call being made, and when the call is finished. he turns round. When Iqama is proclaimed he turns his back, and when it is finished he turns round to distract a man, saying: Remember such and such; remember such and such, referring to something the man did not have in his mind, with the result that he does not know how much he has prayed. (Muslim Book 4, Number 756)

 

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One Response to “Call to Prayer”

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